Primary Ages 3-6 (Preschool and Kindergarten Program)
THE AGE OF THE ABSORBENT MIND
Maria Montessori observed that early childhood is a critical time for learning. The 3 to 6 year-old child goes about effortlessly soaking up information, forming impressions and habits, all of which become the basis for future learning and behavior. At MMA, our Primary program is adapted to the unique and ephemeral learning abilities of the young child. Rich and orderly environments, multi-age classrooms, and freedom to follow one’s interests allow the child to develop fundamental skills that prepare him for life.
IMPORTANCE OF ENVIRONMENT
Our Montessori Early Childhood classrooms allow the child to learn in a place of beauty, order and rich opportunity. The emphasis on beauty is out of respect for the child’s developing aesthetic sense. Attention to organized and orderly preparation of the environment minimizes the frustration that occurs when things are not ready to use or when an adult needs to help. The attractive selection of activities entices the young child to follow her innate drive to develop physically, emotionally, socially, cognitively, creatively and spiritually.
The adults in the Montessori classroom are highly trained to carefully observe and consistently respect children’s individual needs and interests. Development of independence, concentration, coordination and organizational skills are a direct or indirect aim of many of the class activities.
Children are encouraged to follow their natural desire for repetition and to ask for lessons on new activities as they feel ready. Those who are less assertive about taking on new challenges are invited often to have a new lesson and are supported as their confidence grows.
Daily circle times present opportunities to share verbally; explore literature; experience science and cultural lessons; participate in music, movement and rhythm activities. Outdoor time is another part of each day. Children develop important social skills in this atmosphere of unstructured play.
SELF-DISCIPLINE, A NATURAL RESULT
Children are given ample time to work in the learning areas of their choosing, including practical life, art, sensorial, language and reading, math, geography, history, botany, zoology, and physical science. Teachers try to limit disruption of this work time because the chance to focus is so rarely experienced, but so helpful for a young child’s growth. Visitors are often surprised at the calm atmosphere in the classrooms because they are unaccustomed to seeing children so relaxed and absorbed in what they are doing. The emphasis on respect for people and things spreads throughout all interactions, thus helping the children develop self-control and well-rounded social skills.
BENEFITS OF THE MULTI-AGE CLASSROOM
The classrooms at Monmouth Montessori Academy include children in a three-year age span. Educating children of different ages together provides unique opportunities for individual development. Younger children are fascinated by the activities of older children and learn from them by imitation and interaction. Older children experience leadership and mastery of their environment as they initiate activities and take on more responsibility. They experience what it feels like to be a leader, and how to nurture and encourage someone who is less skilled than they have become. At the same time, they continue their own learning as there are no upper limits to the curriculum. Both younger and older children enjoy a sense of achievement and build confidence that lasts a lifetime
Because children benefit from continuity in their learning experiences, our classes for 3-6 year old children help develop learning and social skills as well as understanding of themselves and others. This knowledge is the foundation that children will build on when they enter elementary classes.
BENEFITS OF KINDERGARTEN AT MMA
When the Montessori child reaches the kindergarten age, he/she knows how to pursue his/her own learning. Current brain-based research supports the Montessori method of learning through observation, collaboration, and the manipulation of concrete materials, which create and strengthen neural-networks. As the child is exposed to concepts in areas of math and language through the Montessori materials, these networks and purposeful work habits lay a solid foundation for learning on a deeper level. During the kindergarten year the child begins to apply these critical skills in deeper studies of math, science, language, cultural, and the arts – opportunities for this abound in our Montessori environment. It is also a time of leadership and mentoring others.
Education is a natural process carried out by the human individual, and is acquired not by listening to words, but by experiences in the environment. – Maria Montessori